ground

1 /graUnd/ noun EARTH SURFACE
1 (U) the surface of the earth: The leaf slowly fluttered to the ground. | The air raids were followed by military action on the ground. | below/above ground: miners working 10-hour shifts below ground
—compare floor 1 (1), —see land 1
2 SOIL (U) the soil on and under the surface of the earth: Dig the ground over in autumn. | marshy ground
3 UNDER THE SEA (U) the bottom of the sea: Our ship touched ground.
AREA
4 OPEN LAND (U) an area of land without buildings or trees: a view across open ground | They're building a car lot on some waste ground across the street.
5 grounds (plural)
a) a large area of land or sea that is used for a particular activity or sport: hunting grounds | fishing grounds
b) the land or gardens around a large house, hospital etc
6 parade/recreation/burial etc ground an area of land that is used for a particular purpose
—see also: playground
7 SPORTS (C) BrE the place where a sport such as football or cricket (2) is played; stadium: the team's home ground (=where they usually play)
8 cover a lot of ground to travel a very long distance: You certainly covered a lot of ground on your travels.
SUBJECT
9 AREA OF KNOWLEDGE (U) an area of knowledge, ideas, experience etc: go over the same ground (=talk about the same things again): The article says nothing new - it just goes over the same old ground. | be on familiar ground/be on your own ground (=be talking about or dealing with a subject you know a lot about): Keith's on familiar ground. He's worked with this type of computer before.
10 be on dangerous/safe ground to be expressing ideas that are likely or unlikely to offend or embarrass someone
11 cover a lot of ground to give information about many different parts of a subject: It's absurd to try to cover so much ground in such a short lecture.
OPINION/ATTITUDE
12 the middle ground the area of political opinion that most people agree about: the middle ground between two passionately opposed views
13 common ground an area of opinion that two people or groups share: We hope to find some common ground as a basis for agreement.
14 shift/change your ground to begin to use different reasons or ideas to support your opinions
15 hold your ground to continue to support a particular opinion in spite of opposition
16 the moral high ground an opinion that is regarded as morally better than others
REASON
17 REASON (countable usually plural) a reason, especially one that makes you think that something is true or correct: grounds for (doing) sth: Jim has strong grounds for asking for more money. | on moral/legal etc grounds: He refused to signt he contract on moral grounds. | on grounds of: The divorce was granted on ground of adultery. | on the grounds that: Zoe was awarded compensation on the grounds that the doctor had been negligent.
SUCCESS/ADVANTAGE
18 get off the ground if a plan, a business idea etc gets off the ground, or if you get it off the ground, it starts to be successful: It took a while for the business to get off the ground, but it's making a profit now.
19 gain ground
a) to get an advantage and become more successful: The Republicans have been gaining ground in the opinion polls.
b) if an idea, belief etc gains ground, it starts to become accepted or believed by more people: a theory gaining ground among academics
20 lose ground to lose an advantage and become less successful
HIDE/END
21 go to ground BrE to hide from someone, especially the police
22 run sb to ground BrE to succeed in finding someone after a long search: I finally ran Luke to ground in the basement store room.
COLOUR/PAINT
23 BACKGROUND (C) the colour that is the background for a design: white flowers on a blue ground
24 PAINT (C) the first covering of paint on a painting
OTHER MEANINGS
25 fertile ground/breeding ground a situation in which it is easy for something to develop: The universities were a fertile ground for left-wing radicalism. | a breeding ground for germs
26 on the ground in the actual place where something, especially a war, is happening, rather than in another place where it is being discussed: While the politicians talked of peace, the situation on the ground remained tense.
27 on your own ground/on home ground in the place or situation that is most familiar to you: I wouldn't dream of meeting my ex-husband again unless I was on home ground.
28 work/drive yourself into the ground to work so hard that you become extremely tired: Kay's working herself into the ground trying to meet her deadlines.
29 grounds plural the small pieces of something such as coffee which sink to the bottom of a liquid: coffee grounds
30 ELECTRICAL (singular) AmE a wire that connects a piece of electrical equipment to the ground for safety; earth 1 (8) BrE
—see also: break new ground break 1 (33), cut the ground from under sb's feet cut 1 (25), have/keep both feet on the ground foot 1 (16), stand your ground stand 1 (8), stand/hold your ground stand 1 (17), suit sb down to the ground suit 2 (1), be thin on the ground thin 1 (12), hit the ground running hit 1 (22) 2 verb
1 (transitive usually passive) to stop an aircraft or pilot from flying: All planes are grounded until the fog clears.
2 (I, T) if you ground a boat or if it grounds, it hits the bottom of the sea so that it cannot move
3 be grounded in/on to be based on something: David's values are grounded in a Protestant work ethic.
4 (T) informal to stop a child going out with their friends as a punishment for behaving badly: I got home at am and Dad grounded me on the spot.
5 (T) AmE to make a piece of electrical equipment safe by connecting it to the ground with a wire; earth 2 BrE
—see also: well­grounded ground sb in sth phrasal verb (transitive usually passive) to teach someone the basic things they should know in order to be able to do something: The recruits were grounded in combat techniques. 3 adjective (only before noun) ground coffee or nuts have been broken up into powder or very small pieces, using a special machine 4 the past tense and past participle of grind 1

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

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  • ground — (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of the earth; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground1 [ground] n. [ME grund < OE, ground, bottom, akin to Ger grund, ON grunnr: for IE base see GRIND] 1. a) Obs. the lowest part, base, or bottom of anything b) the bottom of a body of water 2. the surface of the earth, specif. the solid… …   English World dictionary

  • ground — [1] ► NOUN 1) the solid surface of the earth. 2) land of a specified kind: marshy ground. 3) an area of land or sea with a specified use: fishing grounds. 4) (grounds) an area of enclosed land surrounding a large house. 5) (grounds …   English terms dictionary

  • ground — 1 n 1: the foundation or basis on which knowledge, belief, or conviction rests: a premise, reason, or collection of data upon which something (as a legal action or argument) relies for validity sued the city on the ground that the city...had… …   Law dictionary

  • Ground — may refer to: * The surface of the Earth * Soil, a mixture of sand and organic material present on the surface of the Earth * Ground (electricity), in electrical engineering, something that is connected to the Earth or at the voltage defined as… …   Wikipedia

  • ground — (ground), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {grounded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {grounding}.] 1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground. [1913 Webster] 2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground, imp. & p. p. of {Grind}. [1913 Webster] {ground cock}, a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock. Knight.{Ground glass}, glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — s.n. (Sport; rar) Teren de joc. [pron. graund. / < engl. ground]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 20.04.2005. Sursa: DN  GROUND /gráund/ s. n. 1. Teren de sport, gazonat. 2. (muz.) Basso ostinato. Din engl. Ground Trimis de bla …   Dicționar Român

  • ground in — [phrasal verb] ground (someone) in (something) : to give (someone) basic knowledge about (something) The study helped to ground them in the methods of research. often used as (be) grounded in …   Useful english dictionary

  • ground — ground, grounds Both the singular and the plural are used in the expressions on the ground (or grounds) that, and grounds is more common in the expression grounds for (complaint etc.): • Occupations that various insurance companies consider to be …   Modern English usage

  • ground — [n] earth, land arena, dirt, dust, field, landscape, loam, old sod, park, real estate, sand, sod, soil, terra firma, terrain, turf; concept 509 Ant. heavens, sky ground [v1] base, set; educate acquaint, bottom, coach, discipline, establish,… …   New thesaurus

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